Dec. 8, 1987 - Predominantly nonviolent demonstrations and strikes break out, sparked by a Gaza car accident. Emergence of the Islamic Resistance Movement Hamas.
July 31, 1988 - Jordanian disengagement from West Bank.
Nov. 15, 1988 - Declaration of the State of Palestine at the Palestine National Council meeting in Algiers; Arafat condemns terrorism, accepts UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and recognizes the State of Israel; US opens direct discussions with PLO.
1989 - US State Department publishes highly critical report on Israeli human rights practices; massive international peace demonstration in Jerusalem.
1990 - Israeli coalition government collapses over proposed negotiations with Palestinians; influx of Jews from former Soviet Union to Israel begins; Yitzhak Shamir forms a narrow, right-wing government headed by Likud; US suspends dialogue with PLO; Iraq invades Kuwait.
Oct. 30, 1991 - International Arab-Israeli peace conference in Madrid includes Palestinians in joint Jordanian-Palestinian delegation.
1992 - Ongoing bilateral and multilateral peace talks; Labor party wins Israeli elections, Yitzhak Rabin becomes prime minister; Bush administration attempts to limit Israeli settlement by delaying U.S. loan guarantees.
1993 - Israel drastically restricts Palestinian movement between Occupied Palestinian Territories (except East Jerusalem) and Israel, marking the beginning of the Israeli policy of closures and restriction of Palestinian movement; Israel and the PLO sign Declaration of Principles (the "Oslo Accords") on interim self-government arrangements.
According B’Tselem, the first Intifada claimed a total of 1,489 Palestinian lives and 185 Israeli lives. Of the Palestinians, 1,376 were killed by the Israeli military, while 113 were killed by Israeli civilians. These numbers include a total of 304 Palestinians classified as minors (under 18 years). Among the Israeli casualties, 94 were civilians killed by Palestinians, while 91 were soldiers killed during fighting.
The first Intifada officially ended with the signing of the Declaration of Principles on September 13, 1993.