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last updated Nov. 27, 2013 8:55 PM (EST+7)
published Nov. 27, 2013 5:03 PM (EST+7)
Poll No. 80, November 2013 - Negotiations, New Government and the Arab World
Read more:  negotiations, peace process, Rami al-Hamdallah, Hamas- Fateh conflict, Fateh-Hamas conflict, reconciliation, Syria, Bashar al-Assad, Bashar Assad, Egypt
Summary: A public opinion poll conducted by the Jerusalem Media and Communications Center showed that half of the Palestinian people, 50.5% consider the Palestinian Authority’s decision to resume negotiations with Israel was a wrong decision compared with 33.8% that considered it a right decision. This seems to be in harmony with the majority, 68.7% which said that the negotiations would not succeed in reaching an agreement with Israel, compared with 20.8% who said they would succeed. In regards to the best methods of achieving the goals of the Palestinian people, the respondents were split, with approximately one-third (32.3%) who said that peaceful negotiations were the best method, another one-third approximately (29.3%) who said that armed resistance was the best method, and 27.1% who said non-violent, peaceful resistance was the best way.

The Government
When asked about the name of the current Prime Minister, 52.5% of respondents answered Dr. Rami al-Hamdallah compared with 14.2% who answered Isma’il Haniyeh and 28.3% who said they did not know the name of the current Prime Minister. What is noteworthy is that 36.0% of respondents in Gaza said the current Prime Minister was Dr. Rami al-Hamdallah as opposed to 37.8% who said his name was Isma’il Haniyeh,

As for the performance of the new Prime Minister Dr. Rami al-Hamdallah, the majority (35.6%) said they considered his performance to be average in comparison with 24.4% who said it was good, and 12.6% who said it was bad.

The reconciliation
The majority of the Palestinian public (30.5%) continued to hold Hamas responsible for the persisting division, compared with 17.8% who held Fatah responsible; 18.5% held both Fatah and Hamas responsible. These predictions were reflected on the level of pessimism regarding the prospects for forming a national unity government and holding general elections. 49.3% expected that no national unity government would be formed, while the majority (57.2%) expected that presidential and legislative elections would not be held within a year from now. Regarding the impact of the latest developments in Egypt on the chances for reconciliation, the respondents were split between 45.7% saying that events taking place in Egypt were not encouraging in terms of any change in Hamas’ positions towards the reconciliation; meanwhile 42.0% considered event in Egypt to encourage this change.  


The future and performance of the PNA

In regards to the future of the PNA, the majority (65.1%) said there was a need to perpetuate and maintain it while 24.3% called for its dissolution. In general, the majority (61.6%) believe the PNA’s performance is good compared with 33.6% who said it was bad. Regarding the performance of President Mahmoud Abbas, the majority (53.7%) said they were satisfied with it, compared with 39.2% who said they were dissatisfied. Furthermore, President Abbas maintained the most trust among the people – when asked about the Palestinian personality they trust the most – 20.6% said Abbas, followed by Ismail Haniyeh (11.8%) and then Marwan Barghouti (5.9%). Still, the majority (39.6%) said they did not trust anyone.  

Regarding the balances of power between political parties and main personalities, the popularity of Fatah retreated from 36.8% last November to 32.0% this November. Contrarily, the poll showed that Hamas’ popularity stood steady at 16.0%. Regarding security cooperation between the PNA and Israel, 49.3% said it should be stopped while 36.3% said it should continue. The majority (53.0%) said it did not benefit the Palestinian people, while 36.4% considered it beneficial.

The Arab Spring
As for the events taking place in the Arab world, the poll showed the Palestinian public’s pessimism towards them. The majority, (42.6%) said that these events would change the Arab world for the worse, while 28.0% said they would change it for the better. As for the impact of these events on the Palestinian cause, half of the respondents (50.2%) said they would be at the expense of the Palestinian cause, while 16.6% said they would be to its benefit.

As for the events taking place in Syria, the majority (44.4%) said they were more sympathetic with the opposition, which seeks to bring down the Assad regime, compared to 14.4% who said they were more sympathetic to the Assad regime; 36.8% said they were unsympathetic towards either side of the conflict.
News
Israeli settlement freeze ends, talks in doubt
Sept. 27, 2010 10:22 AM (EST+7)
US dismayed by Israeli move, sees Syrian interest
Sept. 28, 2010 8:48 AM (EST+7)
Palestinian leader phones Mubarak
Jan. 29, 2011 4:04 PM (EST+7)


Multimedia
Palestinians and Syrians cross into the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights
Carterzzz*zs Elders discuss Palestinian reconciliation
Israeli-Palestinian demonstration in Sheikh Jarrah
US VP Joseph Bidenzzz*zs speech at Tel Aviv University


Documents
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's Briefing on the Middle East Peace Process
US Letter of Assurances on the Terms of the Peace, 1991
Ariel Sharon's Speech at the Aqaba Summit


Publications
Poll No. 23, November 1997 - On Palestinian Attitudes Towards Current Issues
Poll No. 67, January 2009 - Palestinian opinions after the Gaza War
Poll No. 10, October 1995 - On Palestinian Attitudes Towards the Taba Agreement and the PNA‘s Assumption of Authority over West Bank Towns


Background
US foreign policy
War on Gaza
Gaza


Resources
"Netanyahu's economic peace," Bitterlemons, Nov. 24, 2008
Cairo's plan B, Gamal A. G. Soltan, Bitterlemons, January 14, 2010 Edition 2 Volume 8
FACTBOX - Solutions proposed to Israel-Palestinian conflict, Alastair Macdonald, Reuters, February 24, 2010


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