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last updated July 18, 2009
published March 28, 2002
Arab Initiative, 2002
Official translation of the full text of a Saudi-inspired peace plan adopted by the Arab summit in Beirut, 2002
Read more:  Arab initiative, Madrid, Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, occupation, UN resolutions, Security Council, withdrawal, peace, land for peace, Palestinian state
Summary: The Council of Arab States requests that Israel reconsider its policies and consider that a just peace is a strategic option.  They ask Israel to affirm full withdrawal from the territories occupied since 1967, to achieve a solution to the Palestinian refugee problem, and to accept the establishment of a sovereign, independent Palestinian state.  The Arab states affirm that they will enter into a peace agreement with Israel.  The Council also asks for support of this initiative from the international community. 
News
Israel moves to launch university in West Bank settlement
Jan. 21, 2010
‘Budrus‘ film captures peaceful change in Mideast
Oct. 11, 2010
‘Citizen journalism‘ focuses on Israeli occupation
May 24, 2012


Multimedia
Alizzz*zs Story
Al-Jazeera Int: PLO agrees to peace talks
al-Jazeera Int: Riz Khan with Gideon Levy
Aljazeera Witness: Mother Courage


Documents
Palestine. Ending the Occupation, Establishing the State
British White Paper of 1939
By Hook and By Crook: Israel’s Settlement Policy in the West Bank


Publications
No Exit: Israel‘s Curfew Policy in the Occupied Palestinian Territories
Israeli Military Orders in the Occupied Palestinian West Bank (1967-1992) - 2nd edition
Israeli Obstacles to Economic Development in the Occupied Palestinian Territories - 2nd edition


Background
Oslo accords
Camp David II
Palestinian bid for Statehood


Resources
"After Annapolis," Bitterlemons Dec. 3, 2007
"Commerce in a time of occupation," Washington Post, May 9, 2009
"Netanyahu: economics not politics is the key to peace," Haaretz


Document Text
The Council of Arab States at the Summit Level at its 14th Ordinary Session,

Reaffirming the resolution taken in June 1996 at the Cairo Extra-Ordinary Arab Summit that a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East is the strategic option of the Arab countries, to be achieved in accordance with international legality, and which would require a comparable commitment on the part of the Israeli government,

Having listened to the statement made by his royal highness Prince Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, crown prince of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in which his highness presented his initiative calling for full Israeli withdrawal from all the Arab territories occupied since June 1967, in implementation of Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, reaffirmed by the Madrid Conference of 1991 and the land-for-peace principle, and Israel‘s acceptance of an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital, in return for the establishment of normal relations in the context of a comprehensive peace with Israel,

Emanating from the conviction of the Arab countries that a military solution to the conflict will not achieve peace or provide security for the parties, the council:

1. Requests Israel to reconsider its policies and declare that a just peace is its strategic option as well.

2. Further calls upon Israel to affirm:

      I- Full Israeli withdrawal from all the territories occupied since 1967, including the Syrian Golan Heights, to the June 4, 1967 lines as well as the remaining occupied Lebanese territories in the south of Lebanon.
      II- Achievement of a just solution to the Palestinian refugee problem to be agreed upon in accordance with U.N. General Assembly Resolution 194.
      III- The acceptance of the establishment of a sovereign independent Palestinian state on the Palestinian territories occupied since June 4, 1967 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital.

3. Consequently, the Arab countries affirm the following:

            I- Consider the Arab-Israeli conflict ended, and enter into a peace agreement with Israel, and provide  security for all the states of the region.
            II- Establish normal relations with Israel in the context of this comprehensive peace.

4. Assures the rejection of all forms of Palestinian patriation which conflict with the special circumstances of the Arab host countries.

5. Calls upon the government of Israel and all Israelis to accept this initiative in order to safeguard the prospects for peace and stop the further shedding of blood, enabling the Arab countries and Israel to live in peace and good neighbourliness and provide future generations with security, stability and prosperity.

6. Invites the international community and all countries and organisations to support this initiative.

7. Requests the chairman of the summit to form a special committee composed of some of its concerned member states and the secretary general of the League of Arab States to pursue the necessary contacts to gain support for this initiative at all levels, particularly from the United Nations, the Security Council, the United States of America, the Russian Federation, the Muslim states and the European Union.
Document Text
The Council of Arab States at the Summit Level at its 14th Ordinary Session,

Reaffirming the resolution taken in June 1996 at the Cairo Extra-Ordinary Arab Summit that a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East is the strategic option of the Arab countries, to be achieved in accordance with international legality, and which would require a comparable commitment on the part of the Israeli government,

Having listened to the statement made by his royal highness Prince Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, crown prince of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in which his highness presented his initiative calling for full Israeli withdrawal from all the Arab territories occupied since June 1967, in implementation of Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, reaffirmed by the Madrid Conference of 1991 and the land-for-peace principle, and Israel‘s acceptance of an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital, in return for the establishment of normal relations in the context of a comprehensive peace with Israel,

Emanating from the conviction of the Arab countries that a military solution to the conflict will not achieve peace or provide security for the parties, the council:

1. Requests Israel to reconsider its policies and declare that a just peace is its strategic option as well.

2. Further calls upon Israel to affirm:

      I- Full Israeli withdrawal from all the territories occupied since 1967, including the Syrian Golan Heights, to the June 4, 1967 lines as well as the remaining occupied Lebanese territories in the south of Lebanon.
      II- Achievement of a just solution to the Palestinian refugee problem to be agreed upon in accordance with U.N. General Assembly Resolution 194.
      III- The acceptance of the establishment of a sovereign independent Palestinian state on the Palestinian territories occupied since June 4, 1967 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital.

3. Consequently, the Arab countries affirm the following:

            I- Consider the Arab-Israeli conflict ended, and enter into a peace agreement with Israel, and provide  security for all the states of the region.
            II- Establish normal relations with Israel in the context of this comprehensive peace.

4. Assures the rejection of all forms of Palestinian patriation which conflict with the special circumstances of the Arab host countries.

5. Calls upon the government of Israel and all Israelis to accept this initiative in order to safeguard the prospects for peace and stop the further shedding of blood, enabling the Arab countries and Israel to live in peace and good neighbourliness and provide future generations with security, stability and prosperity.

6. Invites the international community and all countries and organisations to support this initiative.

7. Requests the chairman of the summit to form a special committee composed of some of its concerned member states and the secretary general of the League of Arab States to pursue the necessary contacts to gain support for this initiative at all levels, particularly from the United Nations, the Security Council, the United States of America, the Russian Federation, the Muslim states and the European Union.
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